Guillermo Quinonez Seminar on the Medical Humanities - Past Presentations

This annual presentation has been part of the CAP-ACP Annual Meeting since 2003. The seminar is named after Dr. Guillermo Quinonez, a founding member of the Humanities in Pathology SIG.

2016 Vancouver, BC

The History of Neuropathology

Sidney Croul, Dalhousie University 

LabSkills Africa: An Integrated Approach to Laboratory Systems Strengthening

Maadh Aldouri, Director of International Affairs, The Royal College of Pathologists


At the end of this session, participants will be able to:

  • Identify and understand the specific challenges facing pathology and laboratory medicine services in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Learn about the specific interventions and capacity-building measures undertaken by The Royal College of Pathologists and its project partners in order to strengthen knowledge, skills and services.
  • Hear about the monitoring and evaluation framework which enabled the project partners to assess the impact of LabSkills Africa.

In Africa, laboratory services have been described as a ‘Cinderella’ service. Whilst they are critical for improving the health outcomes of many conditions that are associated with childhood and maternal mortality, chronic neglect (through a lack of investment in human resources and infrastructure; poor quality teaching and a lack of quality assurance systems) has resulted in these diagnostic services becoming the bottleneck in the delivery of high quality patient care. This presentation provides an overview of a laboratory systems strengthening initiative called ‘LABSKILLS AFRICA’. – a three year international collaboration involving 12 partners in the UK and Africa. Funded by the UK Department for International Development (UKAID), the project leveraged the volunteering efforts and skills of up to 30 pathologists and biomedical and clinical scientists drawn from around the world to train 100 laboratory technologists, supervisors, managers, pathologists and biomedical scientists in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

This presentation provides an overview of the LABSKILLS AFRICA initiative and explains the aims of the project, its methodology, impact, outcomes and the lessons learned.

The session will be of value to general and anatomic pathologists, pathology residents, pathology assistants, technologists, medical students and those interested in global health.

2015 Montreal, QC

Symposium: Guillermo Quinonez Seminar on the Medical Humanities and International and Global Pathology combined Symposium: History of Medicine and Forensic Pathology in the Developing World

Part I: As is Our Pathology, So is Our Practice - James R. Wright, Jr., University of Calgary 

Objectives: At the end of this session, participants will be able to:

  • Examine the history of a commonly cited quote attributed to Sir William Osler.
  • Explore the role of William Boyd in the preservation of the quote.
  • Describe the true meaning of the quote.

Part II: Why Did Cytopathology Take So Long to Thrive? - James R. Wright, Jr., University of Calgary 

Objectives: At the end of this session, participants will be able to:

  • Examine the history of Cytopathology with an emphasis on Lionel S. Beale’s pioneering work in the 1850s-1860s and that of Leonard S. Dudgeon in 1927.
  • Explain the 60+ year hiatus with little progress between Beale and Dudgeon.
  • Explain the lack of initial impact of George Papanicolaou’s and Aurel A. Babeş’s papers published in 1928 introducing the diagnosis of Cervical Cancer using vaginal smears.
  • Describe why there was another gap with little progress until the publications of Papanicolaou & Trout in the early 1940s and why Cytopathology immediately thrived thereafter.

This presentation will cover two historical topics. The first relates to the history of cytopathology. Lionel S. Beale made some of the earliest contributions to Cytopathology in the 1850-60s, but few advances were made over the next 60+ years. In 1927, Leonard S. Dudgeon published his wet film method for intraoperative diagnosis and a year later George Papanicolaou and Aurel A. Babeş independently discovered that cervical cancer can be diagnosed using vaginal smears. Even after these huge advancements, little progress was made until the early 1940s when exfoliative Cytopathology flourished. None of the standard histories of Cytopathology explain these two gaps. The author will explain these two gaps by putting them into the context of the history of cancer. The second, topic will explore the history of a quote that is cited whenever there is a pathology scandal in Canada. The quote “as is your pathology, so is your practice” is attributed to William Osler.

Forensic Medicine and International Law - Christopher Milroy, The University of Ottawa  

Objectives: At the end of this session, participants will be able to:

  • Discuss the basic types of International Law.
  • Discuss the history of Forensic Medicine in War Crimes.
  • Discuss the history of Forensic Medicine in Human Rights abuses.
  • Discuss the role of Forensic Medicine in Humanitarian emergencies.
  • Explore the different roles Forensic Medicine plays in Humanitarian Law and Human Rights law.

The presentation examines the role of Forensic Medicine in War Crimes, Human Rights abuses and Humanitarian emergencies from the Second World War to the current times. It examines the types of international law, the use and abuse of Medicine in conflicts with a particular focus on Forensic Pathology.The presentation particularly looks at incidents in the Second World War (Katyn massacre), the war in the Former Yugolslavia, human rights abuses and Regional Human Rights Tribunals. The presentation also touches on the potential conflict between gathering evidence for criminal trials and the need for humanitarian assistance.

2014 Toronto, ON
Dr. Rebecca Scott Yoshizawa, Kingston, ON
Towards an Ethico-onto-epistemology of Science, Medicine, and the “Developmental Infection Called Love”

Dr. Soufiane El Hallani, Ottawa, ON
Pathologist Goes To Work: Affordable Automation of the Pap Test for Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries

2013 Québec, QC
Dr. David Grynspan - Ottawa, ON
The Development and Evaluation of a Visual Literacy Course for Pathology Residency Training; a Pilot Study 

Dr. Laurette Geldenhuys - Halifax, NS
Laboratory Medicine and Its Contribution to Clinical Care; A Historical Perspective 

2012 Calgary, AB
Dr. James R. Wright - Calgary, AB 
Albert C. Broders' Paradigm Shifts Involving the Prognostication and Definition of Cancer

Dr. Fergall Magee - Halifax, NS
No Baby - No Nation - A History of Pediatrics and Pediatric Laboratory Science

2011 Vancouver, BC 
Dr. David Hardwick - Vancouver, BC - AMS Speaker in the Medical Humanities 
Interplay of Medicine Science, The Market, Politics and Culture: Exploring Our Societal Jungle

Dr. David Grynspan - Ottawa, ON
A Selective Review of the Non-Technical Writings of Francisco Gonzales-Crussi

2010 Montreal, QC
Dr. James R. Wright - Calgary, AB - AMS Speaker in the Medical Humanities 
Sir William Osler, Howard Kelly, and Their Roles in the Development of Techniques to Permit Covert Autopsies

Dr. Marc R. Del Bigio - Winnipeg, MB 
Neuropathology in Canada; the first 100 years (1870-1970)

2009 Halifax, NS
Dr. Jock Murray - Halifax, NS - AMS Speaker in the Medical Humanities
The Role of the Pathologist in Defining Multiple Sclerosis over the Last 200 years

Dr. Chris Naugler  - Halifax, NS
Symmetry: The Crossroads of Art and Medicine

2008 Ottawa, ON
Dr. Kaveh Shojania - Ottawa, ON - AMS Speaker in the Medical Humanities
Medical Error in Patient Safety in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Dr. David Grynspan - Winnipeg, MB
References to Greek Mythology in the Vernacular of Pathology: Allusions of Form and Fate

2007 Toronto, ON
Dr. Michael Bliss - Toronto, ON - AMS Speaker in the Medical Humanities
Pathology, Pathography, Biography: The Historical Post-Mortem 

Dr. Gordon Hoag - Victoria, BC
Professionalism and Ethics: Influences on our Practice

2006 St. John's, NL
Dr. Robert H. Young - Boston, MA
Thomas S. Cullen: A Great Canadian, with Comments on his Legacy and the History of Gynecological Pathology

Dr. James Wright - Calgary, AB
The Alder Hey Organ Scandal in the Context of Historical Autopsy Practice

2005 Victoria, BC
Dr. Laurette Geldenhuys - Halifax, NS
The Humanities in Medicine and Pathology

Dr. John Jacques - Courtney, BC
Early Pathology Services in Alberta

Dr. David Rayner - Edmonton, AB
Interface Learning: Reflection on Pathology in the Integrated Curriculum   

2004 Montreal, QC
Dr. Kenneth Pritzker - Toronto, ON
The Future of History of Canadian Pathology

Dr. Bertha Garcia - London, ON
Concept Mapping as a Tool for Teaching/Learning Pathology

Dr. Arthur Gryfe - Toronto, ON
Pathology out of the Sands of Time

Dr. Subrata Chakrabarti - London, ON
Tissues for Research: Ethical Considerations in Surgical Pathology 

2003 Charlottetown, PEI
Dr. Guillermo Quinonez - Winnipeg, ON
Why History is Important to the Members of the CAP

Dr. Jim Wright - Halifax, NS
History of the Intraoperative Frozen Section

Dr. Alex Heggveit - Hamilton, ON
Who Conceived of, Designed and Built the World’s First Practical Electron Microscope

- last updated September 2016 -